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丘吉尔的名言 和卡洛斯·戈恩

已有 1056 次阅读  2012-08-10 18:21   标签法国  beginning  perhaps  丘吉尔 
今天看《高端访问》,是水均益采访法国雷诺和日产的双料CEO卡洛斯·戈恩,水均益用了丘吉尔的一句话,This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning. 觉得这句话有意思。顺便查到了丘吉尔的50句名言。

01 "Never, never, never, never give up."

02 "The whole history of the world is summed up in the fact that, when nations are strong, they are not always just, and when they wish to be just, they are no longer strong."

03 "Courage is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm."

04 "This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning."

“这不是结束,甚至不是结束的开始,而仅仅是开始的结束!

05 "I like a man who grins when he fights."

06 "True genius resides in the capacity for evaluation of uncertain, hazardous, and conflicting information."

07 "Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen."

08 "Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft."

09 "Success is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm."

10 "We shall draw from the heart of suffering itself the means of inspiration and survival."

11 "Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference."

12 "We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give."

13 "A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty."

14 "Nothing is more costly, nothing is more sterile, than vengeance"

15 "If you mean to profit, learn to please."

16 "It is no use saying, 'We are doing our best.' You have got to succeed in doing what is necessary."

17 "Personally, I'm always ready to learn, although I do not always like being taught."

18 "I never worry about action, but only about inaction"

19 "The price of greatness is responsibility."

20 "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."

21 "All the great things are simple, and many can be expressed in a single word: freedom; justice; honor; duty; mercy; hope"

22 "Solitary trees, if they grow at all, grow strong."

23 "No crime is so great as daring to excel."

24 "Difficulties mastered are opportunities won"

25 "The first quality that is needed is audacity."

26 "There is nothing more exhilarating than to be shot at without result."

27 "There is nothing wrong with change, if it is in the right direction"

28 "It is always wise to look ahead, but difficult to look further than you can see."

29 "When the eagles are silent, the parrots begin to jabber."

30 "Kites rise highest against the wind, not with it."

31 "In war, you can only be killed once, but in politics, many times."

32 "A love for tradition has never weakened a nation, indeed it has strengthened nations in their hour of peril"

33 "Politics is almost as exciting as war, and quite as dangerous. In war you can only be killed once, but in politics many times."

34 "History is written by the victors."

35 "We contend that for a nation to try to tax itself into prosperity is like a man standing in a bucket and trying to lift himself up by the handle"

36 "A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on."

37 "In time of war, when truth is so precious, it must be attended by a bodyguard of lies"

38 "The shadow of victory is disillusion"

39 "Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts."

40 "No comment" is a splendid expression. I am using it again and again."

41 "When you have to kill a man it costs nothing to be polite."

42 “A man is about as big as the things that make him angry"

43 "An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile - hoping it will eat him last"

44 "I like pigs. Dogs look up to us. Cats look down on us. Pigs treat us as equals."

45 "It is certainly more agreeable to have power to give than to receive"

46 "Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have"

47 "We shall show mercy, but we shall not ask for it"

48 "We have always found the Irish a bit odd. They refuse to be English."

49 "The United States is like giant boiler. Once the fire is lighted under it, there is no limit to the power it can generate."

50 "The Arabs are a backwards people who eat nothing but Camel dung"


【转】http://www.mindmeters.com/arshow.asp?id=1630

附:卡洛斯·戈恩:差异的价值

一个人通常很难从与他在文化、背景很相像的人那里学到很多东西。我们通常会从与我们有很大差异的人那里学到很多东西。正是这些差异让我们了解我们是谁,我们的长处和我们的不足。

——卡洛斯·戈恩

 

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卡洛斯·戈恩可能是当今世界上最炙手可热的高层管理者之一,商业媒体关于他的传奇故事或者专业杂志上对他的管理方式的分析之多不逊于 1990年代杰克·韦尔奇的鼎盛时期。一向严谨的英国《经济学家》杂志甚至也根据传言称戈恩为“百亿美元男人”,有人说,如果戈恩愿意担任福特或者通用汽车的CEO,那家公司的市值将立刻因此增加一百亿美元。

2005年,“外国人”卡洛斯·戈恩最终成为法国雷诺汽车的CEO,他还将继续兼任日本日产汽车(Nissan)的CEO。从1999年开始,把几乎陷入死亡漩涡的日产汽车变成世界上利润率最高的汽车制造商。他的影响远远超出日产公司本身,他为日本商业界注入信心,戈恩这个“外国人”成为排斥外来文化的日本社会的偶像与国家英雄。

对日本来说,戈恩是个“外国人”,其实在他的人生经历中,在大部分时候他都是“外国人”,这种始终是圈外人、边界跨越者、不受任何传统智慧约束可能解读戈恩传奇的钥匙。戈恩是出生巴西的黎巴嫩后裔,他孩提时代被送回黎巴嫩上学,后来又在法国最好的大学国立理工学院和国立矿山大学获得工程学学位。他加入轮胎制造商米其林公司,在那里他发起了建立自己名声的第一步,他回到出生地巴西拯救米其林在那里陷入困境的业务。下一步是美国,他重整米其林公司的北美业务,一路升至首席运营官。

在雷诺公司CEO刘易斯·施韦策寻找二号人物以对公司进行彻底变革时,卡洛斯·戈恩成为最佳人选,他成功地激起了公司的激情,也赢得了“成本杀手”的绰号,他在欧洲强硬地推行在美国学到的那一套东西:他铁腕关闭工厂,对供应商和业务部门提出苛刻的要求。

但只有在他1999年到了日本之后,在那个完全不一样的商业、文化与社会背景中,卡洛斯·戈恩管理哲学中的“差异”这一点才凸现出来,全球商业界也才真正意识到这种差异的价值。

也许人类的深层心理结构就决定我们容易陷入日常状态和传统智慧之中,而看不到新的可能性,或者不相信新的可能性会成功。日本可能是这种心态最极端的例子, 1999年日本已经在经济低迷中度过了十年,日产公司的债务高达2.1万亿日元,但当戈恩到达日本时,他听到的忠告是“在日本你不能走得太快,不能关闭工厂,不能裁员”,更不用说改变日本公司间交叉持股、效率低下的“企业联盟”(Keiretsu)了。

当然,戈恩的时机无疑相当好,尽管传统智慧依然占据上风,但经济低迷已经让它到了一触即破的境地,日本社会欢迎改革,即便是“外国人”发起的改革。譬如,企业联盟是日本经济成功的经验之一,在日本有着商业联系的公司通常交叉持股形成企业联盟,这被认为有利于公司间协作。但实际的情况是,一家大公司可能因此有上百亿日元的资产被“企业联盟”所占用,却无法产生真正的价值。外来者戈恩剥离在“企业联盟”中的资产,在供应商中进行竞争性采购,而不是不计代价地从企业联盟中的企业采购。几年后的现在,这些做法在日本已被广泛接受。

外来者戈恩当然也很快发现了导致日产公司问题的其他原因,譬如缺乏利润导向,热衷于在规模上追赶竞争对手,公司内对自己生死攸关的境地缺乏现实的认识,缺少紧迫感,缺乏愿景。戈恩看到了这些差异,并坚定地改变它们,他靠设定看似不可能实现的目标,然后实现它,建立起了自己的名声。日本公众把他赞誉或吹捧为“国家英雄”,说明日本社会已经接受他的剥离企业联盟、关闭工厂以及裁员、改变年资序列薪酬体系这些和文化背景差异很大的做法。

我们甚至可以说,雷诺和日产的复杂关系都是基于差异产生的价值的商业思维。与通常的公司间并购不同,这两家公司尽管有着资本方面的联系,但它们又保持着自己的独立性,人们很少把日产看成雷诺的子公司,戈恩喜欢这样解释这种联盟关系:“尊重彼此的身份认同,但同时又力图实现两家公司之间的协同效应。”

对差异价值的欣赏根植于卡洛斯·戈恩管理哲学的最深处,他的重要管理工具是所谓跨职能团队,由公司内不同职能部门的组成团队解决问题。部门与部门之间、职能与职能之间隐藏着一种未知的力量会使得问题搁浅或隐藏起来,只有作为伙伴一起工作我们才能认识这些未知力量。

有人说参差多态才是幸福的本源,从更实用的角度我们也可以这么说,差异带来丰饶与财富。戈恩在一次演讲中对此做了相当好的解释:“当你和与你不同的人一起工作时,你将开始自问:我在做正确的事吗?我能以不同的方式做事吗?为什么他做这个?也许我可以从中学到点什么?”
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